General Books on Geologic History

  • Bjornerud, M., 2005, Reading the Rocks: The Autobiography of the Earth, Westview Press, Cambridge, MA, 237 pp.
  • Fortey, R. A., 2004, The Earth, An Intimate History, HarperCollins, London, 509 pp.
  • Hazen, R. M., 2012, The Story of Earth: The First 4.5 Billion Years, from Stardust to Living Planet, Viking, New York, 306 pp.
  • Kious, J., and R. I. Tilling, 1996, The Dynamic Earth: The Story of Plate Tectonics, US Geological Survey, Washington, DC.
  • Macdougall, J. D., 1996, A Short History of Planet Earth: Mountains, Mammals, Fire, and Ice, Wiley, New York, 266 pp.
  • Morton, J. L., 2004, Strata: The Remarkable Life Story of William Smith, the Father of English Geology, new edition, Brocken Spectre, Horsham, UK, 171 pp.
  • Powell, J., 2001, Mysteries of Terra Firma: The Age and Evolution of the Earth, Free Press, New York, 256 pp.
  • Winchester, S., and S. Vannithone, 2001, The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology, HarperCollins, New York, 329 pp.

General Websites on Geologic History

Geologic History of the Northwest Central


  • Okland, L., 1991, Paleogeographic mapping, in: R. H. Macdonald, and S. G. Stover, eds., Hands-on Geology: K-12 Activities and Resources, Society for Sedimentary Geology (SEPM), Tula, OK. (Constructing paleogeographic maps for elementary and middle school students.)
  • Toilet Paper Analogy for Geologic Time, by J. Wenner, in: Teaching Quantitative Skills in the Geosciences, at Resources for Undergraduate Students and Faculty, SERC. (Demonstration of geological time using a 1000-sheet roll of toilet paper.)
  • Understanding Geologic Time, Texas Memorial Museum at the University of Texas at Austin, . (Timeline activity for middle school students.) [PDF]